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Tierra del Fuego travel guide Tierra del Fuego  is an archipelago off the south of South America, separated from the mainland by the Magellan Strait. The 73,753 km archipelago was divided between Argentina and Chile in 1881. The eastern part belongs to Argentina (the Territory of Tierra del Fuego) and its main towns are Rio Grande and Ushuaia. The western part belongs to Chile (Magallanes province) and its main towns are Porvenir and Puerto Williams. Shaped like a triangle (with its base at the Beagle Channel), the island s main cities are Ushuaia and Rio Grande, both on the eastern, Argentine side. The five medium sized islands and numerous small islands, islets and rocks include: The islands to the south of the Beagle Channel Hoste, Navarin, Gordon, Londonderry, Stewart and Wollaston. Arguably the most southerly city in the world. Rio Grande (Argentina) The economic capital of Argentine Tierra del Fuego, its industries include oil, textiles and cattle breeding. Porvenir (Chile) A small city and base for crossing the Magellan Strait to the mainland. These fires may have been made by the archipelago s aboriginal inhabitants: the Ona, Alakaluf and Yahgan (commonly called Yamana). Four aboriginals were taken from Tierra del Fuego in 1830 by Robert Fitzroy, and were sailed to Britain to meet the King. The three survivors later returned to Tierra del Fuego on the Beagle, with Charles Darwin, who believed the native Fuegans to be "the missing link". The arrival of missionaries, introduction of sheep farming and the discovery of gold in the 1880s led to European, Argentine, and Chilean immigrants, which gradually killed off the native Fuegans. An excellent book on the history of the Yamana and their demise is The Uttermost Part of the Earth by E. Lucas Bridges, the son of one of the early missionaries. His father, Thomas Bridges, documented what he could of the Yamana language and found that it had a larger vocabulary than the English language. Today, the economy is based on petroleum, tourism, textiles, electronics and, to a decreasing degree, sheep farming. The western parts of the archipelago form the southernmost tip of the Andes range. The eastern parts are an extension of the Patagonian plateau. Based in the south of Patagonia, the climate is cold but warmer than many assume; in winter, the average temperature is 2 Celsius (28 Fahrenheit). In summer, it can climb to 30 Celsius (86 Fahrenheit), although in reality Moncler Shop Uk it rarely rises far beyond 10 Celsius (50 Fahrenheit). There are frequent high winds and much rainfall, especially in the coastal areas.  Get in There are regular Aerolineas Argentinas flights from Buenos Aires to Ushuaia and Rio Grande. Air services also link major settlements to Punta Arenas in Chile. Buses from all over Argentina enter Tierra del Fuego via Rio Gallegos. NB Buses running from Rio Gallegos to Ushuaia all pass through Chilean land, so include two border crossings. A regular ship, the ferry Melinka, links Porvenir and Punta Arenas, and naval vessels supply Ushuaia and Isla Navarino, Chile. (Island) every day. Crossing Time approx. 20 minutes. Crossing Service at Primera Angostura  Get around Roads are poor in Tierra del Fuego, and, apart from the tourist tour train, there are no railways. There is little public transport. However, Best Moncler Jacket tours / transport can be booked through the Tourist Office (on San Martin, Ushuaia) or through many of the hostels. Taxis are another option, costing, for example, Ar$7 to get from the city centre to either the airport or Glaciar Martial. There are also several car / bicycle hire companies in Ushuaia. [add listing] See Museo Martimo Located in Ushuaia s old prison, this excellent museum displays a collection of the Fashion Moncler Clairy Dowe Sleeveless Women Vest Red history of Tierra del Fuego. Estancia Haberton Open only in the summer months, Estancia Haberton is a worthwhile trip for those interested in the Bridges family and their role in the local history. [add listing] Do Hike the Glacier Martial Provided that you wear comfortable shoes and have the patience, a hike up the Glacier Martial will provide a very beautiful view of Ushuaia and the Beagle Chanel. There is also a single ski slope open during the winter months, and ski hire is available from the site. The cheapest way to get there is by taxi from Ushuaia, which costs Ar$7. Catamaran trips Catamaran trips will take you around the Beagle channel and give you nice views of the mountains, cormorants, sea lions and penguins.